Placements @ SRIT

2023-24 Placements: TCS – 14 (Prime 1 (9 LPA), Digital 3 (7 LPA), Ninja 10 (3.36 LPA)), Enzen – 1 (9 LPA), ZOHO 1 (7.2 LPA), Qatar Airways 1 ( 8.8 LPA), Accenture 37 (4.5 LPA), Deloitte 4 (4.5 LPA), GoDigit 5 (4.5 LPA), Regami Solutions 4 (3 to 5 LPA), The India Cements 3 (3.6 LPA), INDO-MIM 6 (3.3 LPA), Movate 1 (3.2 LPA), Savantis 72 (3 LPA), PiLog 27 (2.16 LPA), Syntec Systems 4 (2.5 LPA), Cape Electric 3 (2.5 LPA)

2023-24 Placements: TCS – 14 (Prime 1 (9 LPA), Digital 3 (7 LPA), Ninja 10 (3.36 LPA)), Enzen – 1 (9 LPA), ZOHO 1 (7.2 LPA), Qatar Airways 1 ( 8.8 LPA), Accenture 37 (4.5 LPA), Deloitte 4 (4.5 LPA), GoDigit 5 (4.5 LPA), Regami Solutions 4 (3 to 5 LPA), The India Cements 3 (3.6 LPA), INDO-MIM 6 (3.3 LPA), Movate 1 (3.2 LPA), Savantis 72 (3 LPA), PiLog 27 (2.16 LPA), Syntec Systems 4 (2.5 LPA), Cape Electric 3 (2.5 LPA)

Choice Based Credit System/Elective Course System:

  • Preamble

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has initiated several measures to bring equity, efficiency and excellence in the Higher Education System of country. The important measures taken to enhance academic standards and quality in higher education include innovation and improvements in curriculum, teachinglearning process, examination and evaluation systems, besides governance and other matters.;

The grading system is considered to be better than the conventional marks system and hence it has been followed in the top institutions in India and abroad. So it is desirable to introduce uniform grading system. This will facilitate student mobility across institutions within and across countries and also enable potential employers to assess the performance of students. To bring in the desired uniformity, in grading system and method for computing the cumulative grade point average (CGPA) based on the performance of students in the examinations, the UGC has formulated these guidelines.

The following is the list of B.Tech, M.Tech and MBA Programs offered comes under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Programs

  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Computer Science and Engineering (AI & ML)
  • Computer Science and Engineering (Data Science)
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering

Master of Technology (M.Tech) Programs

  • Computer Science
  • VLSI Design 
  • Electrical Power Systems

Applicability of the Grading System

These guidelines shall apply to all B.Tech and M.Tech programs under the credit system awarded by the Central, State and Deemed to be universities in India.

Definitions of Keyword

  • Academic Year: It is the period necessary to complete an actual course of study within a year. It comprises two main semesters i.e., (one odd and one even).
  • Branch: Means specialization in a program like B. Tech degree program in Civil Engineering, B. Tech degree program in Computer Science and Engineering etc.
  • Backlog Course: A course is considered to be a backlog course, if the student has obtained a failure grade in that course.
  • Basic Sciences: The courses offered in the areas of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry etc., are considered to be foundational in nature.
  • Commission: Means University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi.
  • Choice Based Credit System: The credit-based semester system is one which provides flexibility in designing curriculum and assigning credits based on the course content and hours of teaching along with provision of choice for the student in the course selection.
  • Certificate Course: It is a course that makes a student to have hands-on expertise and skills required for holistic development in a specific area/field.
  • Compulsory course: Course required to be undertaken for the award of the degree as per the program.
  • CIA: Continuous Internal Assessment.
  • Core: The courses that are essential constituents of each engineering discipline are categorized as professional core courses for that discipline.
  • Course: A course is a subject (Theory/Practical) offered by a department for learning in a particular semester.
  • Course Outcomes: The essential skills that need to be acquired by every student through a course.
  • Credit: A credit is a unit that gives weight to the value, level or time requirements of an academic course. The number of ‘Contact Hours’ in a week of a particular course determines its credit value.
  • Credit point: It is the product of grade point and number of credits for a course.
  • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): It is a measure of cumulative performance of a student overall the completed semesters. The CGPA is the ratio of total credit points secured by a student in various courses in all semesters and the sum of the total credits of all courses in all the semesters. It is expressed up to two decimal places.
  • Curriculum: Curriculum incorporates the planned interaction of students with instructional content, materials, resources, and processes for evaluating the attainment of Program Outcomes and Program Educational Objectives.
  • Department: An academic entity that conducts relevant curricular and co-curricular activities, involving both teaching and non-teaching staff, and other resources in the process of study for a degree.
  • Detention: Student who does not obtain minimum prescribed attendance/credits shall be detained in that semester.
  • Elective Course: A course that can be chosen from a set of courses. An elective can be Professional Elective and/or Open Elective.
  • Evaluation: Evaluation is the process of judging the academic performance of the student in her/his courses. It is done through a combination of continuous internal examinations and semester end examinations.
  • Grade: It is an index of the performance of the students in a said course. Grades are indicated by alphabets.
  • Grade Point: It is a numerical weight allotted to each letter grade on a 10 – point scale.
  • Institution: Means Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology, Ananthapuramu unless indicated otherwise by the context.
  • Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC): MOOC inculcate the habit of self-learning. MOOC courses would be additional choices in all the elective group courses.
  • Minor: Minor are coherent sequences of courses which may be taken in addition to the courses required for the B. Tech degree.
  • Pre-requisite: A specific course or course, the knowledge of which is required to complete before student register another course at the next grade level.
  • Professional Elective: It indicates a course that is discipline centric. An appropriate choice of minimum number of such electives as specified in the program will lead to a degree with specialization. Program: UG Degree Program Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech); PG degree program: Master of Technology (M. Tech). Program
  • Educational Objectives: The broad career, professional and personal goals that every student will achieve through a strategic and sequential action plan.
  • Program Outcomes: The essential skill sets that need to be acquired by every student during her/his program of study. These skill sets are in the areas of employability, entrepreneurial, social and behavioural.
  • Project work: It is a design or research-based work to be taken up by a student during his/her final year to achieve a particular aim. It is a credit-based course and is to be planned carefully by the student. Registration: Process of enrolling into a set of courses in a semester of a program.
  • Regulations: The regulations, common to all B. Tech. and M. Tech. programs offered by Institution are binding on all the stakeholders.
  • Semester: It is a period of study consisting of 16 to 18 weeks of academic work equivalent to normally 90 working days.
  • Semester End Examinations: It is an examination conducted for all courses offered in a semester at the end of the semester.
  • Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA): It is the ratio of sum of the product of the number of credits with the grade points scored by a student in all the courses taken by a student and the sum of the number of credits of all the courses undergone by a student.

Semester System and Choice Based Credit System

The Indian Higher Education Institutions have been moving from the conventional annual system to semester system. Currently many of the institutions have already introduced the choice based credit system. The semester system accelerates the teaching-learning process and enables vertical and horizontal mobility in learning. The credit based semester system provides flexibility in designing curriculum and assigning credits based on the course content and hours of teaching. The choice based credit system provides a ‘cafeteria’ type approach in which the students can take courses of their choice, learn at their own pace, undergo additional courses and acquire more than the required credits, and adopt an interdisciplinary approach to learning. It is desirable that the HEIs move to CBCS and implement the grading system.

A course defines learning objectives and learning outcomes and comprises lectures / tutorials / laboratory work / field work / project work / comprehensive examination / seminars / assignments / MOOCs / alternative assessment tools / presentations / self-study etc., or a combination of some of these. Under the CBCS, the requirement for awarding a degree is prescribed in terms of number of credits to be completed by the students.

Type of Courses

Courses in a curriculum may be of three kinds: Foundation / Skill, Core and Elective Courses.

Foundation / Skill Course:

Foundation courses are the courses based upon the content leads to enhancement of skill and knowledge as well as value based and are aimed at man making education. Skill subjects are those areas in which one needs to develop a set of skills to learn anything at all. They are fundamental to learning any subject.

Professional Core Courses:

There may be a core course in every semester. This is the course which is to be compulsorily studied by a student as a core requirement to complete the requirement of a program in the said discipline of study.

Elective Course:

Electives provide breadth of experience in respective branch and application areas. Elective course is a course which can be chosen from a pool of courses. It may be:

  • Supportive to the discipline of study
  • Providing an expanded scope
  • Enabling an exposure to some other discipline / domain
  • Nurturing student’s proficiency / skill.

An elective may be Professional Elective, is a discipline centric focusing on those courses which add generic proficiency to the students or may be Open Elective, chosen from unrelated disciplines.

Audit Courses:

In Addition, a student can register for courses for audit only with a view to supplement his/her knowledge and/or skills. Here also, the student’s grades shall have to be reflected in the Memorandum of Grades. But, these shall not be taken into account in determining the student’s academic performance in the semester. In view of this, it shall not be necessary for the institute to issue any separate transcript covering the audit courses to the registrants at these courses. Its result shall be declared as “Satisfactory” or “Not Satisfactory” performance.

Mandatory Courses (MC):

These courses are among the compulsory courses but will not carry any credits. However, a pass in each such course during the program shall be necessary requirement for the student to qualify for the award of Degree. Its result shall be declared as “Satisfactory” or “Not Satisfactory” performance.

Examination and Assessment

The HEIs are currently following various methods for examination and assessment suitable for the courses and programs as approved by their respective statutory bodies. In assessing the performance of the students in examinations, the usual approach is to award marks based on the examinations conducted at various stages (sessional, mid-term, end-semester etc.,) in a semester. Some of the HEIs convert these marks to letter grades based on absolute or relative grading system and award the grades. There is a marked variation across the colleges and universities in the number of grades, grade points, letter grades used, which creates difficulties in comparing students across the institutions. The UGC recommends the following system to be implemented in awarding the grades and CGPA under the credit based semester system.

Letter Grades and Grade Points

Performances of students in each course are expressed in terms of marks as well as in Letter Grades based on absolute grading system. The UGC recommends a 10-point grading system with the following letter grades as given in the Table 1.

Range of MarksGrade PointLetter Grade
100 – 9010S (Superior)
89 – 809A+ (Excellent)
79 – 708A (Very Good)
69 – 607B+ (Good)
59 – 506B (Average)
49 – 405C (Pass)
Below 400F (Fail)
Absent0AB (Absent)
Authorized Break of Study0ABS
  • A student is deemed to have passed and acquired to correspondent credits in particular course if s/he obtains any one of the following grades: “S”, “A+”, “A”, “B+”, “B”, “C”.
  • A student obtaining Grade F shall be considered Failed and will be required to reappear in the examination.
  • For non credit courses, ‘Satisfactory’ or “Not Satisfactory” is indicated instead of the letter grade and this will not be counted for the computation of SGPA/CGPA.
  • “SA” denotes shortage of attendance (as per item 11) and hence prevention from writing Semester End Examination.
  • “W” denotes withdrawal from the exam for the particular course.
  • At the end of each semester, the institute issues grade sheet indicating the SGPA and CGPA of the student. However, grade sheet will not be issued to the student if s/he has any outstanding dues.

Fairness in Assessment

Assessment is an integral part of system of education as it is instrumental in identifying and certifying the academic standards accomplished by a student and projecting them far and wide as an objective and impartial indicator of a student’s performance. Thus, it becomes bounden duty of a University to ensure that it is carried out in fair manner. In this regard, UGC recommends the following system of checks and balances which would enable Universities effectively and fairly carry out the process of assessment and examination.

  • In case of at least 50% of core courses offered in different programs across the disciplines, the assessment of the theoretical component towards the end of the semester should be undertaken by external examiners from outside the university conducting examination, who may be appointed by the competent authority. In such courses, the question papers will be set as well as assessed by external examiners.
  • In case of the assessment of practical component of such core courses, the team of examiners should be constituted on 50 – 50 % basis. i.e. half of the examiners in the team should be invited from outside the university conducting examination.
  • In case of the assessment of project reports / thesis / dissertation etc. the work should be undertaken by internal as well as external examiners.

Computation of SGPA and CDPA

The UGC recommends the following procedure to compute the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The credit points earned by a student are used for calculating the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA), both of which are important performance indices of the student. SGPA is equal to the sum of all the total points earned by the student in a given semester divided by the number of credits registered by the student in that semester. CGPA gives the sum of all the total points earned in all the previous semesters and the current semester divided by the number of credits registered in all these semesters. Thus,

SGPA =nΣ i=1 (Ci Gi) / Σ i=1 Ci

Where, Ci is the number of credits of the ith course and Gi is the grade point scored by the student in the ith course and n represent the number of courses in which a student is registered in the concerned semester.

CGPA = Σ j=1 (Cj Sj) / Σ j=1 Cj

Where, Sj is the SGPA of the jth semester and Cj is the total number of credits upto the semester and m represent the number of semesters completed in which a student registered upto the semester.

The SGPA and CGPA shall be rounded off to 2 decimal points and reported in the transcripts.

Illustration of Computation of SGPA and CGPA

Illustration for SGPA

Course NameCourse CreditsGrade letterGrade pointCredit Point
(Credit x Grade)
Course 13A83 x 8 = 24
Course 24B+74 x 7 = 28
Course 33B63 x 6 = 18
Course 43S103 x 10 = 30
Course 53C53 x 5 = 15
Course 64B64 x 6 = 24
 20  139

Thus, SGPA = 139 / 20 = 6.95

Illustration for CGPA

Semester 1Semester 2Semester 3Semester 4Semester 5Semester 6
Credit: 20
SGPA: 6.9
Credit: 22
SGPA: 7.8
Credit: 25
SGPA: 5.6
Credit: 26
SGPA: 6.0
Credit: 26
SGPA: 6.3
Credit: 25
SGPA: 8.0

Thus, CGPA = (20×6.9 + 22×7.8 + 25×5.6 + 26×6.0 + 26×6.3 + 25×8.0) / 144 = 6 73